Grammar is the way in which language is structured, the rules that are the foundation of that structure and the study of those rules. At the most basic level, grammar is the way words are used together to form sentences. When a baby learns his native language, those grammar rules are absorbed effortlessly, languages learned later in life take a bit more conscious effort.

English has borrowed from many other languages and as a result, it is very complex. There are numerous rules concerning English grammar, and many exceptions to those rules. Grammar can be tricky because the rules may change. For instance, some words that were once hyphenated are now rendered as one word. Sentences are now only separated by one space, instead of two. Words and phrases are constantly added to the dictionary while other words and phrases fall into disuse. What is considered slang today may be listed in the Oxford English Dictionary tomorrow.

Don’t despair! Grammarist is here to explain the grammar rules that have endured for generations, as well as the usage that continues to evolve today.

Here are some examples:

affect vs effect
grey or gray
then and than
adv isor
cancelled or canceled
realise or realize
favorite or favourite
center or centre
plural of fish
alumnus female
practice vs practise
its vs it’s
learnt or learned
spelled or spelt
hanged vs hung
program or programme
fourty ir forty
donut or doughnut
to too
travelled or traveled
bear or bare
defence or defense
began or begun
everyday vs every day
here here or hear hear
i.e. e.g
in regard or in regards
sympathy vs empathy
awhile vs a while
nevermind or never mindnever mind or nevermind
through vs thru
capitol vs capital
paid vs payed
among vs amongst
difference between morals and ethics
nerve wracking or nerve racking
lie vs lay
further vs farther
principal vs principle

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